by LUTGARDA P. ESPIRITU
aka LEE PENDLETON
Bundaberg, Coral Coast & Country
Central Visayas Philippines hit by another disaster APOCALYPTIC DELUGE
Super Typhoon Yolanda: The recipe of a perfect tropical cyclone
November 8th 2013 Friday
The strongest typhoon that hit the Philippines and the world with more then 312 km/hour and one of the strongest in History Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda). Central Visayas provinces liked Bohol last October has not got over yet of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake last October that struck which made headlines all over the world . A foreign weather expert warned of “catastrophic damage”. The city of Tacloban was totally wiped out with so much devastation and have flattened the whole city. Thousand of people were left homeless and death toll have reached by 5,000 deaths almost 2,000 missing persons. Other provinces such as Ormoc City, Northern part of Cebu Bogo, Bantayan Island, Iloilo, Roxas City, Guian, Easter Samar, Palo, Tolosa, Basey and other parts of Eastern Samar provinces. The Bicol region such as Legazpi and Sorsogon were also hit by the super typhoon Yolanda. The super typhoon caused mass devastation across large parts of the Philippines that broke world records, said meteorologists from around the world. The Philippine, the death toll from Super Typhoon Yolanda (Haiyan) continued to rise after it wreaked havoc in the Visayan regions. Estimated 3,976 death and 1,590 still missing. The Philippine Atmospheric, geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa) said that Yolanda at its peak, wind speed was around 255 kilometres per hour (kph) but the US Navy’s joint typhoon warning centre’s forecast was even higher at 315 kph, about the speed of a single-propeller aircraft. Yolanda’s diameter, at 600 kilometres (km), was a record-holder. Satellite images during Yolanda’s wrath showed that super typhoon covered the entire Philippine archipelago, bringing rain to most part of the country.
A storm surge is an abnormal rise of water during a cyclone. According to Sun Star Manila paper. The storm surge unit of the Department of Science and technology’s project NOAH (Nationwide Operational Assessment of Hazards) project NOAH’s engineer John Phillip Lapidez told the Sin Star in an interview, “Storm surge is the rising of water during a storm, aside from the tide (caused by the gravitational pull of the sun or moon).” Lapidez said, “The stronger the wind, the stronger the surge.”He also said, Yolanda is this year’s strongest typhoon in the world. Another factor is the ocean’s depth with respect to the sea level, and the slope of the coastline. Tacloban City in Leyte, one of the worst hit by Yolanda, has a gently sloping coast. The Philippines, an archipelago (group of islands) is prone to storm surges. Samar and Leyte were the provinces at high risk firstly due to their location, since these provinces were directly hit by the typhoon and thus experienced the intense winds.
Mass burial in Tacloban (www.abc.net)
Bracing for disasters
The International Federation of the Red Cross said hazards impact vulnerable people while it cannot be taken away, disasters can be minimised. There have been studies proving that the ocean’s temperature continue to rise over the past decades.” There are still no concrete roofs the link between cyclones intensity with global warming,” said Dr. Gerry Bagtasa of the University of the Philippines Institute of Environmental Science and Meteorology. He also said that most of the cyclones with greater intensities were attributed to better forecasting and better technology to measure the strength of cyclones. “Satellite images now have better resolutions, we have better forecasting equipment than ten years ago which makes measurements more accurate”, said Bagtasa.
International Community and Foreign Relief Aid pours in to the Tyhoon Yolanda victims and survivors
The United States of America, Australia, Japan, European countries such as Germany, Norway, the UK, Canada, Israel and many more countries were there to offer their aid in welfare for the hundreds and thousands of victims and survivors in all the affected provinces in the Central Visayas. Foreign Aids, Relief goods, Medical Aids and many more were there to help our countrymen, women, children who were devastated by this catastrophic event that shook the world. Amidst the chaos and tension in the aftermath of this deluge comes the help of the international community in all parts of the world. Most of the flood victims have been displaced and left their provinces to start a new life with the hope that their provinces or cities will be rebuild again.
Difference between a hurricane, a cyclone, and a typhoon
The only difference between a hurricane, a cyclone and a typhoon is location where the storm occurs. Hurricanes, cyclones, and typhoons are all the same weather phenomenon; we just use different for these storms in different places. In the Atlantic and North-east Pacific, the term “hurricane” is the same type of disturbance in the Northwest Pacific is called a “typhoon” and “cyclones” occur South pacific and Indian Ocean. The ingredients for these storms according to oceanservice.nooa.gov include a pre-existing weather disturbance, warm tropical ocean moisture, and relatively light winds.